In news– Recently, the Union Home Minister virtually laid the foundation stone for the ‘Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’.
About the museum project-
- It was sanctioned by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India in 2019 at an estimated cost of Rs 15 crore.
- The museum would help preserve and exhibit artefacts related to the tribal freedom fighters, involved in different stages of the fight against the British colonial rule like Anglo-Manipuri War, Kuki-Rebellion, Naga-Raj movements, among others.
- The proposed museum will be set up in Rani Gaidinliu’s birthplace, Luangkao Village in Tamenglong district.
About Rani Gaidinliu-
- She was a Naga spiritual and political leader of the Zeliangrong Nagas who led a revolt against British rule in India.
- She was born on 26 January 1915 in Manipur.
- She was from the Rongmei Naga tribe (also known as Kabui).
- At 13, she became associated with freedom fighter and religious leader, Haipou Jadonang, and became his lieutenant in his social, religious and political movement.
- Jadonang, who was also a Rongmei, started the ‘Heraka movement’, based on ancestral Naga religion, and envisioned an independent Naga kingdom (or Naga-Raja).
- The movement later turned into a political movement seeking to drive out the British from Manipur and the surrounding Naga areas.
- After the execution of Jadonang, she took up the leadership of the movement, which slowly turned political from religious.
- Rani started a serious revolt against the British and was eventually imprisoned for life and was released after 14 years, in 1947.
- An advocate of the ancestral Naga religious practices, she staunchly resisted the conversion of Nagas to Christianity.
- Within the Heraka faith, she came to be considered an incarnation of the Goddess Cherachamdinliu.
- Acknowledging her role in the struggle against the British, Jawaharlal Nehru called her the “Daughter of the Hills” and gave her the title “Rani” or queen.
- She passed away on February 17, 1993.
- She was bestowed a number of honours including the Tamrapatra in 1972, Padma Bhushan in 1982, Vivekananda Sewa Summan in 1983, and Stree Shakti Puraskar in 1991.
- She posthumously was awarded the Bhagwan Birsa Munda Puraskar in 1996.
- The Government of India also issued a commemorative stamp, coins in her honour.
- The Indian Coast Guard commissioned a Fast Patrol Vessel “ICGS Rani Gaidinliu” in 2016.