A brief note on Alluri Sitarama Raju-
- He was an Indian revolutionary who waged an armed campaign against British colonial rule in India.
- Born in present-day Andhra Pradesh, he became involved in anti-British activities in response to the 1882 Madras Forest Act, which effectively restricted the free movement of Adivasis (tribal communities) in their forest habitats and prevented them from practicing a traditional form of agriculture known as podu.
- Rising discontent towards the British led to the Rampa Rebellion (known as the Manyam Rebellion) of 1922, in which he played a major part as a leader.
- Mustering a force combined of Adivasis, farmers and sympathizers to their cause, he engaged in guerilla campaigns against the British colonial authorities in the border regions of the Madras Presidency
- He was nicknamed “Manyam Veerudu” ( Hero of the Jungle) by local villagers for his heroic exploits.
- Harnessing widespread discontent towards British colonial rule in the backdrop of the non-cooperation movement, he led his forces against the British, aiming to expel them from the Eastern Ghats region through his guerilla campaigns.
- During this period, he led numerous raids on local police stations to acquire firearms for his under-equipped forces.
- After each raid, he would leave behind a letter written by him, informing the police about the details of his raids, including about the weaponry he parted away with, daring them to stop him if they could.
- In response to these raids, and in order to quench the rebellion, the British colonial authorities undertook a nearly two-year long manhunt for him, resulting in expenditures reaching over ₹40 Lakh rupees then.
- Eventually, in 1924, he was trapped by the British at the village of Koyyuru in the Chintapalle forests.
- There, he was captured, tied to a tree and summarily executed by a firing squad.
- His resting place currently lies in the village of Krishnadevipeta.
- His 125th birth anniversary was observed on January 2, 2022.
Komaram Bheem –
- He was a revolutionary leader in Hyderabad State of British India from the Gond tribes.
- Bheem in association with other Gond leaders and communist revolutionaries led a protracted low intensity rebellion against the feudal Nizams of Hyderabad and the British Raj in the eastern part of the princely state during the 1930s which contributed to the culmination of the Telangana Rebellion of 1946.
- He was killed by armed policemen in 1940, subsequently lionised as a symbol of rebellion and eulogised in Adivasi and Telugu folklore.
- Bheem is deified as a pen in Gond culture and is credited for coining the slogan Jal, Jangal, Zameen ( Water, Forest, Land) which symbolising a sentiment against encroachment and exploitation, has been adopted by Adivasi movements as a call to action.
- He was also closely associated with the movement for Telangana statehood.