tructure resembling a tree that has solar panels fitted on the branches. cientists at the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI) in West Bengal have installed a ‘solar tree’ that is likely to be the largest of its kind in the world. A solar tree is a metal s The solar panels connected through metal branches produce solar power.
Largest Solar Tree
The installed capacity of the solar tree is above 11.5 kWp. It has the annual capacity to generate 12,000-14,000 units of clean and green power. The solar tree has been designed in a manner to ensure maximum exposure of each solar PV panel to sunlight and also creation of the least amount of shadow area beneath. There are a total of 35 solar PV panels in each tree with a capacity of 330 wp each. The inclination of the arms holding the solar PV panels are flexible and can be adjusted as per requirement, this feature is not available in roof-mounted solar facilities. The energy generation data can be monitored either real-time or on a daily basis.
It also has certain customizable features for application at diverse sites. The solar trees were designed in a manner to ensure minimum shadow area, thus potentially making these solar trees available for widespread usage in agricultural activities such as high capacity pumps, e-tractors and e-power tillers. The trees can be aligned with agriculture for substituting price-volatile fossil fuels. Besides, the surplus generated power can be fed into an energy grid.
Each solar tree will cost Rs 7.5 lakhs and the interested MSMEs can align their business model with the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) scheme for farmers, for developing a renewable energy based energy grid. The solar tree has the capability to incorporate IOT based features, i.e. round-the-clock CCTV surveillance in agricultural fields, real-time humidity, wind speed, rainfall prediction and soil analytics sensors. The CSIR-CMERI developed solar powered e-Suvidha Kiosks may also be connected to the solar trees for real-time access to the vast majority of agricultural database as well as to the eNAM for instant and real-time access to an unified online market. It is a quantum leap towards making an energy reliant and carbon negative India.