WCCB along with other government agencies and state authorities has been at the forefront of combating wildlife smuggling. It has Intercepted smuggling ring of exotic birds at the Indo-Bangla border along with Directorate of Revenue Intelligence recently.
It is a statutory body established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change to combat organised wildlife crime. The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 provisions came into force in 2008. It became operational in the year 2008.
WCCB won the prestigious 2010 Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards for its outstanding work on wildlife law enforcement. UNEP has also awarded WCCB with Asia Environment Enforcement Award, 2018. WCCB is partnering with the United Nations University and CIESIN-Earth Institute at Columbia University through the Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System Initiative.