What is Boma technique?
- The Boma capturing technique, which is popular in Africa, involves luring of animals into an enclosure by chasing them through a funnel-like fencing.
- The funnel tapers into an animal selection-cum-loading chute, supported with grass mats and green net to make it opaque for animals, which are herded into a large vehicle for their transport to another location.
- This old technique was earlier utilized to capture wild elephants for training and service.
- Following its adoption in Madhya Pradesh in recent years, Boma has been put to practice for the first time in Rajasthan for sending the ungulates to the prey-deficient Mukundara reserve as the kills for tigers and leopards.
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority’s (NTCA) technical committee has approved a proposal to shift two tigers from Ranthambore National Park to Mukundara, which lost two tigers and two cubs in 2020 and is now left with an eight-year-old tigress.
- The passive capture of ungulates with the first ever utilization of Boma technique will make a significant contribution to the prey base management in the State.
About Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve-
- The Mukundara Hills Tiger reserve, also a national park spread across 759 sq. km area.
- It is located in the Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests.
- The National park was established in 2004 and consists of three wildlife sanctuaries: Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary, National Chambal Sanctuary, and Jawahar Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary.
- It was declared as a tiger reserve in 2013.
- It has grasslands in between and also many dry deciduous trees. There are four rivers that flow in this region, the rivers are Chambal river, Kali river, Ahu river, Ramzan river.
- Mukundara Hills National Park was once considered for the reintroduction of the Asiatic lion.
- Apart from Mukundara, Rajasthan is home to four tiger reserves, they are Ranthambhore, Sariska , and Ramgarh Vishdhari(latest).