Why in news?
Recently Endangered Golden Langur became extinct in Guwahati’s Umananda island.
- Golden langurs occupy moist evergreen and tropical deciduous forests as well as some riverine areas and savannas in Assam and Bhutan.
- Its geographic range is limited to Assam, India and neighbouring Bhutan.
- Their hair ranges from dark golden to creamy buff and their faces are black and hairless except for a long pale beard.
- Its fur changes colours according to the seasons.
- Their diets consist of ripe and unripe fruits, young and mature leaves, leaf buds, flower buds, seeds, twigs, and flowers.
- Habitat destruction is a major threat to them.
- IUCN status – Endangered
- Chakrashila is India’s first wildlife sanctuary with golden langur as the primary species.
- As a part of MGNREGA around 27.24 lakh trees will be planted in Assam to sustain the colonies of the Golden Langurs in Bongaigaon district.