In news- A Bangalore based startup received the National Award 2021 from Technology Development Board (TDB).
- The startup was awarded for developing a commercial solution for conversion of CO2 to chemicals and fuels.
- Breathe Applied Sciences, a startup incubated at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) developed efficient catalysts and methodologies for the conversion of CO2 to methanol and other chemicals.
- It was started from the generous funding from the Department of Science and Technology (DST) Nano Mission.
- The technology has led to improvisation of process engineering to enhance the production of chemicals and fuels from anthropogenic CO2 generated from various sources including coal and natural gas power generation sectors, steel industry, cement industry, and chemical industries.
- It helps in integrating multiple components involved in the CCUS (Carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration) to develop a complete solution for the environmental issues due to global warming.
- In the pilot mode, the current capacity of CO2 conversion is 300 kg per day, which can be scaled up to several 100 tons on an industrial scale.
Carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS)-
- CCUS is an important emissions reduction technology that can be applied across the energy system.
- CCUS technologies involve the capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel combustion or industrial processes and the transport of this CO2 via ship or pipeline.
- This CO2 is used as a resource to create valuable products or services or its permanent storage deep underground in geological formations.
CCUS technologies provide the foundation for carbon removal or “negative emissions” when the CO2 comes from bio-based processes or directly from the atmosphere.