In news- China has accused the United States of threatening the peace and stability of the Taiwan Strait after a US warship sailed through the seas that separate Taiwan and China.
- The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Curtis Wilbur conducted a “routine Taiwan Strait transit” in accordance with international law.
- However, US has said that the ship’s transit through the Taiwan Strait demonstrates its commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific.
- Chinese forces tracked and monitored the ship throughout its voyage.
- Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen has said that they are already an independent state called the Republic of China, the island’s formal name.
- The United States ( like most countries), has no formal diplomatic ties with Taiwan but is its most important international backer and a substantial seller of arms.
About Taiwan Strait-
- The Taiwan Strait is a 180-kilometer wide strait separating Fujian Province from Taiwan Island.
- Current international agreement does not define the Taiwan Strait but places its waters within the South China Sea.
- Former names of the Taiwan Strait include the Formosa Strait or Strait of Formosa, the Strait of Fukien or Fujian, and the Black Ditch.
Its northern limit runs from Cape Fugui (the northernmost point on Taiwan Island) to Niushan Island to the southernmost point of Pingtan Island and then westward along the parallel 25° 24′ N. to the coast of Fujian Province.