Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 scaled-down by Rs.63,869 crore by the urban development ministry
Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM):
- Also called Clean India Mission was launched on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on October 2, 2014 in New Delhi.
- The Urban Clean India mission seeks to eradicate open defecation, convert insanitary toilets to flush toilets, eradicate manual scavenging and facilitate solid waste management.
- Covers 4041 statutory towns across India and aims to make the streets, roads and infrastructure clean by October 2, 2019 (Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary).
- The Rural mission, known as Swachh Bharat Gramin, aims to make Village Panchayats open defecation free by October 2, 2019.
- At the core of this mission lie six components:
- Individual household toilets;
- Community toilets;
- Public toilets;
- Municipal Solid Waste Management;
- Information and Educating Communication (IEC) and Public Awareness;
- Capacity Building;
- The mission contributes to India reaching Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6).
- The action plan for SBM is laid by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (now Ministry of Jalshakti).
Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural) 2.0
- Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural) 2.0 gained the approval of the Centre in February 2020.
- The second phase of SBM will be implemented on a mission mode between 2020-21 and 2024-25 with an estimated central and state budget of Rs 52,497 crore.
- It will focus on ODF Plus.
- The ODF Plus programme will converge with MGNREGA, especially for grey water management and will complement the newly launched Jal Jeevan Mission.
- The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and States will be:
- 90:10 for North-Eastern States and Himalayan States and UT of J&K;
- 60:40 for other States;
- 100:0 for other Union Territories, for all the components.
|What is ODF+, ODF++?|