In news– Union Minister of Jal Shakti has launched the Sujalam 2.0 campaign for greywater management at a virtual event of the World Water Day, 2022.
About the campaign-
- In order to sustain the achievement made under the Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G) Phase I and ensure holistic cleanliness in villages by having arrangements for solid and liquid waste management, Sujlam 2.0 campaign has been launched.
- The campaign would focus on the creation of institutional level greywater management assets in Panchayat Ghar, healthcare facilities, schools, anganwadi centres (AWCs), community centres and other government institutions.
- Creation of individual and community greywater management assets will be encouraged.
- The funds to execute the activities for greywater management is sourced from the SBM-G Phase II or through 15th Finance Commission tied-grants or MGNREGS or through convergence of all.
- This campaign will see people undertake collective situation assessment, plan and implement greywater management activities.
- As part of the Sujlam 2.0 campaign, schools have a key role to play, not only in creation and maintenance of greywater management assets, but also serve as hubs for generating awareness and promoting behavior change among children and youth by serving as ambassadors for sustainable water and sanitation.
- With active participation from all States and local communities’ great success was achieved under the Sujlam 1.0 campaign which was started in August 2021.
- More than 1 million soak pits were built at household and community level across the country.
- Grey water is basically the water used for domestic purposes like kitchen, bathing & washing areas, etc.
- It is free from faecal contamination and doesn’t include black water from toilets.
The Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G)-
- The Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G) programme, under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, is a flagship programme of the Government of India, a part of SBM launched in 2014.
- The phase -1 concluded in October 2019 with the grand declaration of the Nation as Open Defecation Free.
- The phase -2 of SBM was announced by the Prime Minister in February, 2020 that emphasizes upon the sustainability of achievements under phase -1 and to provide adequate facilities for Solid/Liquid & plastic waste management in rural India.
- The aim of phase II is to ensure the open defecation free behaviours are sustained.
Further reading: https://journalsofindia.com/swachh-bharat-mission-a-study-by-unicef/