views against casteism, communal divide and also for supporting the liberation of women. orn in December 1882, Bharati lived through the early struggle for India’s independence and was known for his He is credited as the creator of modern Tamil poetry.
- Bharati’s writings sparked a Renaissance in Tamil literature. While Bharati drew his inspiration from ancient sources of Indian culture, his works were truly innovative in both form and expression.
- He began his career by translating English into Tamil for several magazines and later joined the Tamil daily newspaper Swadesamitran.
- Bharati’s works have been translated into every major Indian language, as well as a number of European languages, including English, French, German, Russian, and Czech.
- Bharati’s best-known works include Kaṇṇan pāṭṭu (1917; Songs to Krishna), Panchali sapatham (1912; Panchali’s Vow), and Kuyil pāṭṭu (1912; Kuyil’s Song).
- The government of India has issued a postage stamp in his honour.
Involvement in Independence Movement
- His exposure to political affairs led to his involvement in the extremist wing of the Indian National Congress party.
- He was forced to flee to Pondicherry, a French colony, where he lived in exile from 1910 to 1919. During this time Bharati’s nationalistic poems and essays were popular successes.
- From the 1920s, there was great turbulence in the political climate in the wake of the boycott of the Simon Commission, Civil Disobedience Movement and so on. Mass movements began in the State and Bharathi’s patriotic poems became hugely popular.
- By this time, the Dravidian Movement, the Tamil movement and the labour movement were also on the rise. Bharathi’s writings addressed most of these issues that these movements were highlighting.