In news– NITI Aayog has launched the State Energy & Climate Index- Round I recently.
About the State Energy & Climate Index (SECI)-
- The index aims to track the efforts made by states and UTs in the climate and energy sector.
- The index has been designed to assess and identify the scope for improving the performance of states and to help them efficiently manage their energy resources.
- The objectives of the index are:
- Ranking the States based on their efforts towards improving energy access, energy consumption, energy efficiency, and safeguarding the environment.
- Helping drive the agenda of affordable, accessible, efficient and clean energy transition at the State level.
- Encouraging healthy competition among the states on different dimensions of energy and climate.
- The SECI Round I ranks the states’ performance on 6 parameters, namely-
- DISCOM’s Performance.
- Access, Affordability and Reliability of Energy.
- Clean Energy Initiatives.
- Energy Efficiency.
- Environmental Sustainability; and
- New Initiatives.
- The parameters are further divided into 27 indicators.
- Based on the composite SECI Round I score, the states and UTs are categorized into three groups: Front Runners, Achievers, and Aspirants.
- The states have been categorized based on size and geographical differences as larger states, smaller states, and UTs.
- Gujarat, Kerala, and Punjab have been ranked as the top three performers in the category of larger states.
- Goa, emerged as the top-performing state in the smaller states category, followed by Tripura, and Manipur.
- Among UTs, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Daman & Diu/Dadra & Nagar Haveli are the top performers.
- This edition of the report reveals that some of the important data is not available at the state level.
India’s energy target & consumption-
- India, the third-largest energy consumer and the third-largest oil importer.
- India has agendas like increasing non-fossil fuel based installed electricity capacity of the country by 2030 to 500 GW, reducing the emission intensity of its GDP by about 45 percent from 2005 levels by 2030.
- India has a flourishing diversity with 28 states and 8 Union territories that cover a range of geographical complexities.
- The per capita energy consumption of India is one-third of the world average.
- The energy sector contributes to about 75% of the total greenhouse gas emissions of the country.
Summarized list of Global indices and India’s ranking-