In news- The names of 11 scientists, who received the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology 2021, were announced during the 80th foundation day of the CSIR.
About the award-
- Established in 1958, the award is presented annually by the CSIR with a memento and prize money of 5 lakhs.
- It is awarded for outstanding research in seven fields — Biology, Chemistry, Environment Science, Engineering, Mathematics, Medicine and Physics.
- Every specialty will have no more than 2 award winners.
- The award winner must be an Indian resident with 45 years of research in the field.
- His work shall be made in the jurisdiction of India.
- Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) working in India are also eligible.
- The names of the recipients are made public on 26 September, the CSIR Foundation Day by the Director-General, CSIR.
About Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar-
- He was an Indian colloid chemist, academic and scientific administrator.
- The first director-general of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), he is revered as the “father of research laboratories” in India.
- He was also the first Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC).
- For his contributions to pure and applied chemistry, Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1936 New Year Honours List.
- The British government knighted him in 1941 for his contributions to the advancement of science.
- He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1943.
- In independent India, he was the President of the Indian Chemical Society, National Institute of Sciences of India and the Indian National Science Congress.
- He was awarded Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1954.