- The Agreement on the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure as a permanent SCO body was signed during a meeting of the Council of Heads of SCO Member States on June 7, 2002, in St. Petersburg.
- Since its establishment, the RATS has become a coordinating center for combating terrorism, separatism and extremism at the regional and global levels.
- Within the RATS framework, the annual joint anti-terrorist exercises are held since 2006, providing practical training on response and interaction of competent authorities to neutralize terrorist threats and prevent terrorist attacks.
- RATS platform provides a mechanism for interaction between the border services of the competent authorities of the SCO member states to address a separate area of ensuring the security of the SCO member states from transnational crimes associated with terrorism, such as illegal migration and trafficking of drugs, weapons, explosives, etc.
- Besides, the International Scientific and Practical Conference of the RATS has been held annually since 2013, with a focus on the expansion of international cooperation in the field of combating terrorism and extremism.
- The key outcomes of the RATS activities are reviewed at the annual RATS Council meetings and reported to the Council of Heads of SCO Member States.
- India assumed chairmanship of the Council of Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of SCO (RATS SCO) on October 28, 2021 for a period of one year.