About Sashastra Seema Bal
- Under the aegis of the Ministry of Home Affairs and a part of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF).
- It is headquartered in New Delhi and three frontier headquarters are at Lucknow (UP), Patna (Bihar) and Guwahati (Assam).
- Earlier the Special Service Bureau was raised in the 1960s with the sole objective of achieving ‘Total security preparedness’ in the remote border areas for performing a ‘stay-behind’ role in the event of a war.
- It was established as a Special Service Bureau in May 1963, in the aftermath of the Chinese aggression in 1962.
- It was declared a lead intelligence agency for Indo Nepal in June 2001 and assigned the Indo Nepal border.
- In 2004, it was also assigned the Indo Bhutan border.
Responsibilities OF SSB
- To promote a sense of security among the people living in the border areas.
- To prevent trans border crimes and unauthorized entry into or exit from Indian territory.
- To prevent smuggling and other illegal activities on Indian frontiers.
Central Armed Police Forces
- National Security Guard (NSG): The National Security Guard (NSG) is a counter terrorism unit which was raised in 1984, following Operation Blue Star.
- Assam Rifles (AR): The Assam Rifles came into being in 1835, as a militia called the ‘Cachar Levy’.
- Border Security Force (BSF): Responsible for guarding India’s land borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.
- Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB): Earlier Special Service Bureau was raised in 1960s with the sole objective of achieving ‘Total security preparedness’ in the remote border areas for performing a ‘stay-behind’ role in the event of a war.
- Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP): ITBP is a specialized mountain force and most of the officers and men are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers.
- Central Industrial Security Force (CISF): Provides security cover to nuclear installations, space establishments, airports, seaports, power plants, sensitive Government buildings and ever heritage monuments.