In news- Prime Minister has laid the foundation stone for four laning of five sections of Shri Sant Dnyaneshawar Maharaj Palkhi Marg (NH-965) and three sections of Shri Sant Tukaram Maharaj Palkhi Marg (NH-965G).
About Sant Jnaneshwar/Dnyaneshwar-
- He was a 13th century Marathi saint, poet, philosopher and a yogi of the Nath sect.
- He authored Dnyaneshwari, which is a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita, and Amrutanubhav.
- These are the oldest surviving literary works in the Marathi language, under the patronage of the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri, and these are considered to be milestones in Marathi literature.
- He used to give a discourse on Dnyaneshwari to select audiences.
- It is believed that Sacchidananand Baba wrote Dnyaneshwari during such discourses by Dnyaneshwar. This is also known as Bhavartha Deepika.
- Shortly after the completion of Bhavartha Deepika, Dnyandeo joined the varkari movement probably under the influence of Namdeo and virtually became their leader.
- Dnyaneshwar learned and mastered philosophy and various techniques of kundalini yoga, which is considered as the specialty of the Nath cult, from Nivrutti.
- Sant Dnyaneshwar’s ideas reflect the non-dualistic Advaita Vedanta philosophy and an emphasis on Yoga and oneness of Vishnu and Shiva.
- His legacy inspired saint-poets such as Eknath and Tukaram.
About Sant Tukaram-
- He was a 17th-century Marathi poet and Hindu sant (saint), popularly known as Tuka, Tuko Baraya, Tukoba, born in Maharashtra.
- He was a Sant of Varkari sampradaya and was part of the egalitarian, personalized Varkari devotionalism tradition.
- He is best known for his devotional poetry called Abhanga and community-oriented worship with spiritual songs known as kirtans (or group songs).
- Abhanga poetry is a Marathi genre of literature which is metrical (traditionally the ovi meter), simple, direct, and it fuses folk stories with deeper spiritual themes.
- Abhanga sung in praise of the Hindu god Vitthal, also known as Vithoba.
- His guru was bhakti movement Saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
- In his work of Abhangas, Tukarama repeatedly refers to four other persons who had a primary influence on his spiritual development, namely the earlier Bhakti Saints Namdev, Dnyaneshwar, Kabir and Eknath.
- Tukaram Gatha is a Marathi language compilation of his works, likely composed between 1632 and 1650.
Extra reading: https://journalsofindia.com/vitthalas-varkari-panth/