Source: Yojana Magazine
Both schemes are aimed at institutional reforms and improving the quality & market relevance of skill development training programs in long and short term Vocational Education and Training (VET).
Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP)
SANKALP is a project to reform the skill development landscape, strengthen institutions at Central and State levels, enable greater decentralization of skill development governance, and improve industry connect of skill development programs. The project is being implemented in mission mode through World Bank support and is aligned with the overall objectives of the NSDM
SANKALP project aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM)
The main objectives of the project are:
- Creating convergence among all skill training activities, both State-led and Government of India funded, at the state level
- Improving the quality of skill development programs through enablers such as building a pool of quality trainers and assessors, developing model curriculum and content, and standardizing assessment and certification
- Establishing a robust monitoring and evaluation system for skill training programs
- Providing access to skill training opportunities to the disadvantaged sections; and
- Creating industry-led and demand-driven skill training capacity.
Components of SANKALP
SANKALP project has two broad components (1) National and (2) State components.
1.National Component: Outlay, Activities, and Outcomes
a.Institutional development & Strengthening
- Setting up National Skill Certification Body
- Set up unified National Accreditation board within NSDA
- Setting up National Skill Research Division within NSDA
- Strengthening NSDA
- Development of Labour Market Information System
- Skill Development Management System
- Kaushal Mart
- Takshila: National Portal for trainers
- Skills Fund
- Trainer & Assessor Academies
- India International Skill Centers (IISC)
2.States component: Activities & Outcomes
The objective of the State level support is to encourage Indian states to:
- Strengthen systems and increase their capacity for skill development
- Align the States with the National Skill ecosystem being dev. & strengthened under SANKALP.
- Incentivize innovations to enhance access for socially excluded groups.
- Plug geographical and sectoral skill gaps through decentralized skill planning
- Move towards demand-led skill development through district-level demand aggregation
Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE)
STRIVE project is a World Bank assisted-Government of India project with the objective of improving the relevance and efficiency of skills training provided through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and apprenticeships. The financial agreement was signed between the Government of India and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) in December 2017 and the closing date of the project is November 2022. It is a Central Sector Scheme (CSS) with a budget outlay of INR 2200 Crore covering the following 4 result areas:
- Improved performance of ITI.
- Increased Capacities of State Governments to support ITIs and Apprenticeship Training
- Improved Teaching and Learning.
- Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training