socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024. he Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched for the development of model villages. Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the This implies that a total of 6,433 Adarsh Grams, of the 2,65,000 gram panchayats, will be created by 2024.
Objectives of the Yojana
- The development of model villages, called Adarsh Grams, through the implementation of existing schemes, and certain new initiatives to be designed for the local context, which may vary from village to village.
- Creating models of local development which can be replicated in other villages.
Identification of Villages
- MPs can select any gram panchayat, other than their own village or that of their spouse, to be developed as an Adarsh Gram.
- The village must have a population of 3000-5000 people if it is located in the plains, or 1000-3000 people if located in hilly areas.
- Lok Sabha MPs can choose a village from their constituency, and Rajya Sabha MPs from the state from which they are elected.
- Nominated members can choose a village from any district of the country.
- MPs which represent urban constituencies can identify a village from a neighbouring rural constituency.
No new funds have been allocated for the Yojana. Resources may be raised through:
- Funds from existing schemes, such as the Indira Awas Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, and Backward Regions Grant Fund, etc.
- The Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
- The gram panchayat’s own revenue
- Central and State Finance Commission Grants
- Corporate Social Responsibility funds.
- A Village Development Plan must be created for each Adarsh Gram.
- While each village will develop a list of activities to be carried out, based on its own resources and requirements, possible activities have been listed in the guidelines for the scheme. For example, Adarsh Grams can work towards:
. providing universal access to basic healthcare facilities
. promoting diversified livelihoods through agriculture related livelihoods and skill development
. providing pension for all eligible families
. housing for all
. promoting social forestry.