In news– Recently, India introduced a draft resolution in UNGA for granting Observer Status for International Solar Alliance(ISA).
- India urged that ISA will usher in a new era of “green energy diplomacy”.
- The granting of Observer Status to the ISA in the General Assembly would help provide for a regular and well-defined cooperation between the Alliance and the United Nations that would benefit global energy growth and development.
- It enables the organisation to provide targeted inputs to current and future United Nations processes, based on grass-root level experiences from its country programmes, its research and public-private cooperation activities and its global knowledge-sharing activities.
- The draft resolution for observer status comes ahead of next month’s COP 26 in Glasgow, and the Fourth Assembly of the ISA on October 20.
About International Solar Alliance-
- The ISA was jointly launched by India and France in 2015 at the 21st Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21) held in Paris.
- The ISA was opened for signature as an international treaty based organisation in November 2016.
- The agreement entered into force on December 6, 2017.
- The alliance of solar-resource rich countries was opened to 121 member states that lie fully or partially within the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
- Currently it consists of 124 members.
- It is Headquartered in Gurugram.
- This was further amended at the first assembly of the ISA to extend the scope of the ISA membership to all UN member states.
- Its purpose is to bring together a group of nations to endorse clean energy, sustainable environment, public transport and climate.
- To collectively address key common challenges to scale up solar energy applications in line with their needs.
- To mobilize investments of more than USD 1000 billion by 2030.
- To take coordinated action through programmes and activities launched on a voluntary basis.
- Reduce the cost of finance to increase investments in solar energy in member countries by promoting innovative financial mechanisms and mobilizing finance from Institutions;
- Scale up applications of solar technologies in member countries.
- Facilitate collaborative research and development (R&D) activities in solar energy technologies among member countries.
- Promote a common cyber platform for networking, cooperation and exchange of ideas among member countries.
- The framework agreement of the ISA explicitly designates the UN, including its organs, as strategic partners of the ISA.
Observer status in UN-
- The United Nations General Assembly may grant Permanent Observer Status to non-member states, international organisations and other entities.
- Observer status is confined to states and intergovernmental organisations whose activities cover matters of interest to the Assembly.
- Intergovernmental Organisations having received a standing invitation to participate as Observers in the sessions and the work of the UNGA include:
- European Union
- International Renewable Energy Agency
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- Asian Development Bank
- Commonwealth of Independent States
- European Organisation for Nuclear Research
- Indian Ocean Rim Association
- Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
- International Committee of the Red Cross and International Olympic Committee.
Observers have the right to speak at United Nations General Assembly meetings, but not to vote on resolutions.