- Launched in 2013 under the National Health Mission (NHM), RBSK is focused on preventing disease and disability in children.
- Ministry: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- An estimated 25 crore children below the age of 18 will be screened for the two infectious diseases, and if a person is suspected to have either of the two, s/he will be sent to a higher centre for confirmation.
- The existing Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) infrastructure will be used for the screening.
What is Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK)?
- RBSK is focused on preventing disease and disability in children.
- This initiative is aimed at screening children from 0 to 18 years for 4Ds – Defects at birth, Diseases, Deficiencies and Development Delays including Disabilities.
- Children diagnosed with illnesses shall receive follow up including surgeries at tertiary level, free of cost under NHM.
- Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) is an innovative and ambitious initiative, which envisages Child Health Screening and Early Intervention Services, a systemic approach of early identification and link to care, support and treatment.
Key features of the scheme:
- The RBSK programme corresponds to the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health and Adolescent Health strategy (RMNCH+A), Incheon Strategy to “Make the Right Real” for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific, and Child Survival and Development – A Call to Action summit held in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu in 2013.
- The scheme aims at early identification and early intervention for children from birth to 18 years to cover 4 D’s viz. Defects at birth, Deficiencies, Diseases, Development delays including disability.
- The 0 – 6 years age group specifically managed at District Early Intervention Center ( DEIC ) level while for the 6 -18 years age group, managed at existing public health facilities.
- The services aim to cover children of 0 -6 years of age in rural areas and urban slums in addition to children enrolled in classes I to XII in Government and Government aided Schools. It is expected that these services will reach about 27 crores children in a phased manner.
|National Health Mission|
The six components of National Health Mission as follows:
The broad objectives of National Health Mission includes the following