To mark the birth anniversary of Ram Prasad Bismil, the Ministry of Culture organised a special ceremony at Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh
A brief history of Ram Prasad Bismil(1897-1927)
- Birth: He was born on 11th June, 1897 in Shahjahanpur
- He was born to Muralidhar and Moolrani. His father, Muralidhar, was working in Shahjahanpur Municipality.
- He was amongst the most notable Indian revolutionaries who fought against British colonialism.
- His ideology: His ideals of freedom struggle stood in stark contrast to that of Mahatma Gandhi and he would reportedly say “independence would not be achieved by means of non-violence”.
- Literary work:
- Bismil started writing powerful patriotic poems in Urdu and Hindi under the pen names of ‘Bismil’, ‘Ram’ and ‘Agyat’.
- As a freedom fighter he gave vent to his anger in the form of his poem ‘Mera Janm’. He was just 18 then
- While in jail, he wrote ‘Mera Rang De BasantiChola’ and ‘Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna’ which became the anthem for freedom fighters.
- He published a pamphlet titled ‘Deshwasiyon ke Naam’ and distributed it along with his poem ‘Mainpuri ki Pratigya’ on January 28, 1918
- He wrote motivational poems and pamphlets for young people
- He was also a multilingual translator and his famous poem Manipuri’s Pratigya became very famous.
- He joined Arya Samaj in the early age and got inspired by Satyarth Prakash
- He also had a confidential connection with Lala Har Dayal through his guru Swami Somdev, a preacher of Arya Samaj.
- Matrivedi’ and ‘Shivaji Samiti: Bismil along with Genda Lal Dixit, a school teacher from Auraiya, organised youth from Etahwah, Mainpuri, Agra and Shahjahanpur districts to strengthen their organisations, ‘Matrivedi’ and ‘Shivaji Samiti
- He formed the Hindustan Republican Association(1924) with leaders like Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad
- The association was based on equal rights and an end to discrimination
- He participated in the Mainpuri conspiracy of 1918, and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925 with Ashfaq Ullah Khan,Chandrashekhar Azad, Sachindra Bakshi, Keshab Chakravarty, Rajendra Lahiri and Roshan Singh to protest against the British Rule.
- Death: He was martyred at Gorakhpur Jail on 19th December, 1927 just aged 30, for his role in the Kakori conspiracy.