instrument of poverty alleviation. ublic housing programme in the country started with the rehabilitation of refugees immediately after independence and since then, it has been a major focus area of the Government as an Rural housing programme, as an independent programme, started with Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) in 1996.
Features of PMAY-G
- To address the gaps in the rural housing program and in view of Government’s commitment to providing “Housing for All’’ by 2022, the IAY was restructured into Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) in 2016.
- PMAY-G aims at providing a pucca house, with basic amenities, to all houseless and those householders living in kutcha and dilapidated houses, by 2022. The minimum size of the house has been increased to 25 sq.mt (from 20 sq.mt) with a hygienic cooking space.
- The cost of unit assistance is to be shared between Central and State Government in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North Eastern and the Himalayan States.
- To ensure that assistance is targeted at those who are genuinely deprived, PMAY-G instead of selecting a beneficiary from among the BPL households selects beneficiary using housing deprivation parameters in the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC), 2011, which is to be verified by the Gram Sabhas.
- The beneficiary is to be assisted by in-house construction with a bouquet of house design typologies inclusive of disaster resilience features that are suitable to their local geo-climatic conditions.
- To address the concern of lack of sufficient number of masons, a pan-India training and certification programme of masons has been launched.
- The programme implementation and monitoring is to be carried out through an end to end e-Governance model- using AwaasSoft and Awaas App.
. AwaasSoft is a workflow enabled platform through which all critical functions of PMAY-G, right from identification of beneficiary to providing construction linked assistance (through PFMS),will be carried out.
. Awaas App is a mobile application that is to be used to monitor real time, evidence based progress of house construction through date and time stamped and georeferenced photographs of the house.
- The programme implementation is to be monitored not only electronically, but also through community participation (Social Audit), Member of Parliament (DISHA Committee), Central and State Government officials, National Level Monitors. National Housing Bank is the central nodal agency for implementation.
- The States have to come up with their Annual Action Plan of PMAY. That should include a plan for convergence with other Government programmes.