About Orang National Park
- Location: The districts of Darrang and Sonitpur are located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the state of Assam.
- It’s also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park and Mini Kaziranga National Park.
- The park is bordered by the Pachnoi River, Belsiri River, and Dhansiri River, which all flow into the Brahmaputra River.
- Orang was designated as a game reserve in 1915. To meet Project Tiger’s criteria, the game reserve was turned over to the State Forest Department’s wildlife division.
- In 1999, it was designated as a National Park.
- The park’s total area is approximately 81 kilometres.
- The Orang tribe, who abandoned this country, lived here.
- Eastern Himalayan Moist Deciduous Forest, Eastern Seasonal Swamp Forest, Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland, Savannah Grasslands, Degraded Grassland, Waterbody, Moist Sandy area and Dry Sandy area.
- Summer, monsoon, and winter are the three seasons that characterise the park’s climate.
- The park has a subtropical monsoon climate, with rainfall falling mainly between May and September.
- The annual rainfall averages 3,000 millimetres (120 in)
- Forests, natural forests, and non-aquatic grasses and plants abound in the park.
- Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo, Sterculia villosa, Trewia nudiflora, Zizyphus jujuba, and Litsea polyantha are among the forest species discovered.
- Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrica, and Saccharum spp are among the most common non-aquatic grassland plants.
- Andropogon spp., Ipomoea reptans, Enhydra fluctuans, Nymphaea spp., and Water hyacinth are among the aquatic grass/plant species discovered (Eichornia spp).
- Several mammalian species have large breeding colonies in Orange Park.
- The royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris), Asiatic elephant, pygmy hog, hog deer, and wild boar are among the main species that share the habitat with the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros (68 at the last count), which is the dominant species of the national park.
- The following are some of the most common critically endangered and endangered species.
- The pygmy hog, a small wild pig, is critically endangered, with only about 75 animals in captivity and restricted to a few locations in and around north-western Assam, including the Orang National Park, where it has been introduced, according to the IUCN listing.
- The blind Gangetic dolphin, Indian pangolin, hog deer (Axis porcinus), rhesus macaque, Bengal porcupine, Indian fox, small Indian civet, otter, leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), and jungle cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) are among the other mammals recorded (Felis chaus).