encompasses sub-projects addressing ocean development activities he scheme such as services, technology, resources, observations and science. It is a scheme of the Ministry of Earth Sciences. The services rendered will provide economic benefits to a number of user communities in the coastal and ocean sectors, namely, fisheries, offshore industry, coastal states, defence, shipping and ports. It will also help in addressing issues relating to Sustainable Development Goal-14, which aims to conserve use of oceans, marine resources for sustainable development.
Features of SMART Scheme
- Generate and regularly update information on marine living resources and their relationship with the physical environment in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
- Periodically monitor levels of sea water pollutants for health assessment of coastal waters of India.
- Develop shoreline change maps for assessment of coastal erosion due to natural and anthropogenic activities.
- Develop a wide range of state-of-the art ocean observation systems for acquisition of real-time data from the seas around India.
- Generate and disseminate a suite of user-oriented ocean information, advisories, warnings, data and data products for the benefit of society.
- Develop high resolution models for ocean forecast and reanalysis systems.
- Develop algorithms for validation of satellite data for coastal research and to monitor changes in the coastal research.
- Acquisition of 2 Coastal Research Vessels (CRVs) as replacement of 2 old CRVs for coastal pollution monitoring, testing of various underwater components and technology demonstration.
- Develop technologies to tap the marine bio resources.
- Develop technologies generating freshwater and energy from the ocean.
- Develop underwater vehicles and technologies.
- Establishment of Ballast water treatment facility.
- Support operation and maintenance of 5 research vessels for ocean survey/ monitoring/ technology demonstration programmes.
- Establishment of state of the art seafront facility to cater to the testing and sea trial activities of ocean technology.
- Carry out exploration of Polymetallic Nodules (MPN) from water depth of 5500 m in site of 75000 sq.km allotted to India by United Nations in Central Indian Ocean Basin, to carry out investigations of gas hydrates.
- Exploration of polymetallic sulphides near Rodrigues Triple junction in 10000 sq. km of area allotted to India in International waters by International Seabed Authority/ UN.
- Submission of India’s claim over continental shelf extending beyond the Exclusive Economic Zone supported by scientific data, and topographic survey of EEZ of India.