What is NPR?
- The objective of the NPR, being carried out under the aegis of the Registrar General and ex-Officio Census Commissioner, India, is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.
- NPR is a register of the usual residents of the country. It contains information collected at the local (village/sub-town), sub district, district, state and national level under provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
- The National Population Register was created in 2010. The biometrics collected through Aadhaar was seeded into the NPR in 2015.
- A usual resident for the purposes of NPR is a person who has resided in a place for six months or more, and intends to reside there for another six months or more.
What is NRC?
- National Register of Citizens is a database of Indian citizens. The NRC process demands proof of citizenship from the respondents. Those found in want of the proof may face deportation or detention in the long run.
- The Citizenship Act, 1955 clearly states that anyone born in India on or after January 26, 1950 up till July 1, 1987 is an Indian citizen by birth. Anyone born on or after July 1, 1987 but before the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and either of whose parents is an Indian citizen at the time of his birth is an Indian citizen. And anyone born after the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and both of whose parents are Indian citizens at the time of his birth is an Indian citizen.
What is the census?
- Census is legally backed by the Census Act, 1948. The decennial census is the largest single source of a variety of statistical information on different characteristics of the people of India.
- The census is the basis for reviewing the country’s progress in the past decade, monitoring the ongoing schemes of the government and planning for the future.
- The census provides detailed and authentic information on demography, economic activity, literacy and education, housing and household amenities, urbanisation, fertility and mortality, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, language, religion, migration, disability besides others.