Source: Website of the Nobel prize
About the Nobel Prize
- It was in the year 1895 that Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace – the Nobel Prizes.
- It is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
- The Nobel prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901
- In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s central bank) established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.
- The first Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969.
- The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, according to the same principles as for the Nobel Prizes that have been awarded since 1901
|Subject||Name of the winners & Country||Contribution|
|Physics||For contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos. and the first discovery of a planet orbiting a solar-type star outside our solar system|
|Chemistry||For the development of lithium-ion batteries(For creating a rechargeable world)|
|Physiology or Medicine||For their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability|
|Literature||Peter Handke(Born in Austria, Residence at the time of the award: Chaville, France)||For an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience|
|Peace||Abiy Ahmed Ali(Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia)||For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea|
|Economic Sciences (The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019)||For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty|