Education as a topic is relevant for three different subjects :Polity, Economy and Society. Hence getting a holistic view of it is necessary. For a comprehensive coverage on it refer previous articles on Education on MANIFEST-11.
President of India releases the India rankings – 2019 and the Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements
Placing it in the syllabus
- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education and Human Resources.
- Indian Society – Education (not explicitly mentioned)
- Indian Economy – Soft Infrastructure (Not explicitly mentioned)
- NIRF ranking
- Criteria of ranking
- NIRF rankings 2019
- The Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)
NIRF and criteria
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) was approved and launched by the MHRD in September 2015.
This framework outlines a country – wide methodology for ranking institutions. The methodology draws on the broad understanding reached by a core committee set up by MHRD from the overall recommendations to identify the broad parameters for ranking different universities and institutions.
Criteria of NIRF
Teaching, Learning & Resources
- Student Strength including Doctoral Students
- Faculty-student ratio with emphasis on permanent faculty (FSR)
- Combined metric for Faculty with PhD (or equivalent) and Experience (FQE)
- Total Budget and Its Utilisation (CBTU)
Research and Professional Practice
- Combined metric for Publications (PU)
- Combined metric for Quality of Publications (QP)
- IPR and Patents: Filed, Published, Granted and Licensed (IPR)
- Footprint of Projects and Professional Practice and Executive Development Programs (FPPP)
- Combined % for Placement, Higher Studies, and Entrepreneurship (GPHE)
- Metric for University Examinations: GUE
- Median Salary
- Metric for Graduating Students Admitted Into Top Universities (GTOP)
- Metric for Number of Ph.D. Students Graduated GPHD
Outreach and Inclusivity
- Percent Students from other states/countries (Region Diversity RD)
- Percentage of Women
- Economically and Socially Challenged Students (ESCS)
- Facilities for Physically Challenged Students (PCS)
- Peer Perception: Employers and Research Investors (PREMP)
- Peer Perception: Academics (PRACD)
- Public Perception (PRPUB)
- Competitiveness (PRCMP)
The rankings were announced under nine categories – Overall, Universities, Engineering, Colleges, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, and Law. The ranking is done on the basis of teaching, learning and resources, research and professional practices, graduation outcomes, outreach and inclusivity, and perception.
IIT Madaras has bagged top honours in National Institutional Rankings Framework (NIRF) 2019 and the very first edition of Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA).
2019 Rankings(Overall) of NIRF
|Indian Institute of Technology Madras||Chennai||Tamil nadu||1|
|Indian Institute of Science||Bengaluru||Karnataka||2|
|Indian Institute of Technology Delhi||New Delhi||Delhi||3|
|Indian Institute of Technology Bombay||Mumbai||Maharashtra||4|
|Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur||Kharagpur||West Bengal||5|
|Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh||6|
|Jawaharlal Nehru University||New Delhi||Delhi||7|
|Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee||Roorkee||Uttarakhand||8|
|Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati||Guwahati||Assam||9|
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi||Uttar Pradesh||10|
University wise Rankings(NIRF)
|Indian Institute of Science||Bengaluru||Karnataka||1|
|Jawaharlal Nehru University||New Delhi||Delhi||2|
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi||Uttar Pradesh||3|
|Anna University||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||4|
|University of Hyderabad||Hyderabad||Telangana||5|
|Jadavpur University||Kolkata||West Bengal||6|
|University of Delhi||Delhi||Delhi||7|
|Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham||Coimbatore||Tamil Nadu||8|
|Savitribai Phule Pune University||Pune||Maharashtra||9|
|Alighar Muslim University||Aligarh||Uttar Pradesh||10|
Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)
Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA) is an initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Govt. of India to systematically rank all major higher educational institutions and universities in India on indicators related to “Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development” amongst students and faculties.
ARIIA endeavours to systematically rank education institutions and universities primarily on innovation related indicators. It aims to inspire Indian institutions to reorient their mind-set and build ecosystems to encourage high quality research, innovation and entrepreneurship. More than quantity, ARIIA focuses on quality of innovations and endeavours to measure the real impact created by these innovations nationally and internationally.
Major Indicators for consideration are:
- Budget & Funding Support.
- Infrastructure & Facilities.
- Awareness, Promotions & support for Idea Generation & Innovation.
- Promotion & Support for Entrepreneurship Development.
- Innovative Learning Methods & Courses.
- Intellectual Property Generation, Technology Transfer & Commercialization.
- Innovation in Governance of the Institution.
Eligibility Criteria of ARIIA
All recognized Higher Educational Institutions of India are eligible to participate in the ARIIA ranking.
Advantages of NIRF Ranking
Ranking educational and research institutes has practical uses, such as helping students make study choices, sponsors to identify research projects, and other universities to form partnerships.
Criticisms of NIRF Ranking
- Though it helps the students to make study choices for the process to evolve and be relevant, it should be able to enrol all recognised educational institutions, not just the public ones.
- In the absence of such participation, older institutions with historical advantages could enjoy a higher ranking, obscuring newer entrants who may have stronger claims to excellence.