In news–Russia’s largest warship named ‘Moskva’, a guided-missile cruiser has been severely damaged in the Black Sea by Ukraine’s Neptune cruise missile recently.
About Neptune cruise missile-
- RK-360MT Neptune are Ukrainian-manufactured anti-ship missiles capable of destroying targets within a range of 300 km.
- It can be fired from shore to ship.
- Weighing 870 kg and carrying a 150kg warhead, Neptune missiles are capable of destroying targets of up to 5,000 tons.
- Its design is based on the Soviet Kh-35 anti-ship missile, and is designed to defeat surface warships.
- It also transports vessels with a displacement of up to 5,000 tons.
- The missile uses a radar-homing guidance to home in on enemy ships.
- The 16-ft long engine-powered missiles can travel at speeds of up to 900 km/h, at heights of between 9 and 30 ft above surface.
- The weapons, which are able to be mounted on ships, by land and by air launchers, were formally adopted in August, 2020.
- One Neptune division normally has six USPU-360 launchers capable of firing a salvo of the 24 anti-ship missiles.
- The missile was first revealed in the ‘Weapons and Security 2015’ exhibition in Kyiv.
- Moskva (Moscow), originally known as Slava (glory), is the lead ship of the Slava-class guided missile cruisers, also known as Project 1164 Atlant.
- It was built indigenously by the erstwhile Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and still in service with the Russian Navy.
- Slava was laid down at a shipyard in the Ukrainian city of Mykolaiv, a major shipbuilding centre on the Black Sea, known as Nikolaev in Russian in 1976.
- The cruiser was commissioned into the Soviet Navy in 1983. Decommissioned in 1990, it was reinstated as Moskva by the Russian Navy in 2000.
- The Moskva missile cruiser is reportedly armed with 16 anti-ship Vulkan cruise missiles, which have a range of at least 700 kilometres.
- It can carry a crew of around 500 personnel.
- It is also said to carry anti-torpedo and mine-torpedo weapons.
- The cruiser is also equipped with a long-range S-300 surface-to-air missile air defence system