All schemes related to literacy / education improvement have been put under the umbrella of National Education Mission by Central Government.
The National Education Mission itself is made of four umbrella schemes as follows:
- National Education Mission – Sakshar Bharat
- National Education Misson – Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
- National Education Mission – Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiskha Abhiyan (RMSA)
- National Education Mission – Teachers Training
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a programme for Universal Elementary Education. This programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children through provision of community -owned quality education in a mission mode.
The Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is a flagship scheme of Government of India, to enhance access to secondary education and improve its quality. It aims to increase the enrolment rate by providing a secondary school within reasonable distance of every home. It also aims to improve the quality of secondary education by making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, and providing universal access to secondary level education.