In news– Recently the Union Agriculture Minister has inaugurated centenary year celebrations of the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal (Haryana).
- ICAR’s NDRI is one of the premier Institutes in dairy sector, which has contributed a lot in the growth of dairy industry and played a crucial role in India’s development in milk production with its continuous research.
- Over ninety six year old NDRI’s lineage goes back to the Imperial Institute for Animal Husbandry & Dairying which was set up in Bangalore in 1923 as a center for dairy education.
- In its erstwhile form of Imperial Institute in Bangalore, Father of the Nation’ Mahatma Gandhi and ‘Bharat Ratna’ Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, were imparted training at the Institute in 1927.
- They wanted to get acquainted with modern methods of cattle management and spent two weeks discussing and learning technicalities and complexities of problems pertaining to cows and buffalos in India.
- Gandhiji was highly appreciative of the most productive crossbred cow ‘Jill’ of the institute. He held several discussions on the problems of Pinjrapoles, which housed low producing, mostly sterile cows and other dairy stock mainly on humanitarian grounds.
- Mahatma Gandhi evinced great interest in the work of the Institute and wrote several articles in `Young India’ and `Harijan’ on the importance of dairying and scientific cattle management.
- Gandhiji’s thinking and views resulted in the formulation of Key Village Scheme, Gosamvardhana Council and intensive Cattle Development Programmes.
- In 1936 it was renamed as Imperial Dairy Institute and it was shifted to its present site in Karnal in 1955 and renamed again as National Dairy Research Institute.
- The infrastructure of Imperial institute was retained as southern regional station of NDRI and later in 1964 Eastern regional station was set up at Kalyani in West Bengal.
- In 1970, NDRI was brought under Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR).
- The Institute has the distinction of being a Deemed University for implementing its academic programmes since 1989.
- The Institute provides high quality education in the field of dairying, which has no parallel in Asia.
- NDRI has several “first” feathers to its cap and its contributions and role in the overall development of the dairy sector and dairy related research and education is well recognized.
- The Institute has the unique distinction of having been ranked first among all Agricultural Universities of India including 4 Deemed Universities consecutively three times in the years 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19.
- The Institute was also conferred ‘Sardar Patel Outstanding ICAR Institute award’ for its outstanding achievements in the field of dairying.
- During the centenary year celebrations Minister mentioned that India ranks first in the world in terms of most agricultural products.
- He also stated that with the help of NDRI India is in the leading position in the world in terms of milk production.