In news– Recently, the state government of Arunachal Pradesh approved the Kaiser-i-Hind as the State butterfly.
About the butterfly–
- Kaiser-i-Hind literally means Emperor of India.
- This swallowtail butterfly with a 90-120 mm wingspan is found in six States along the Eastern Himalayas at elevations from 6,000-10,000 feet in well-wooded terrain.
- Its scientific name is Teinopalpus imperialis.
- It also flutters in Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and southern China.
- It usually flies at tree-top level and descends to sit on low vegetation when there is strong morning sunlight.
- It is in flight during April-July and lays eggs on the underside of leaves.
- The government’s move is aimed at boosting butterfly tourism and saving the species from extinction in the State.
- Although the Kaiser-i-Hind is protected under Schedule II of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, it is hunted for supply to butterfly collectors.
- The two species of Kaiser-i-Hind were listed in CITES Appendix II from 1987 onwards.
- It is listed as Near threatened under the IUCN list.
- The state government also adopted the Pakke Tiger Reserve 2047 Declaration on Climate Change-Resilient and Responsive Arunachal Pradesh.
- This Declaration aims to fulfil its goal of lowering emissions and achievement of sustainable development.
Other states with state butterfly–
- Maharashtra-Blue Mormon (first state in the country to announce).
- Uttarakhand-Common peacock.
- Tamil Nadu-Tamil Yeoman (Cirrochroa thais), it is locally known as Tamil Maravan meaning ‘Tamilian Warrior.
- Karnataka-Southern birdwings.
- Kerala-Malabar banded peacock
Source: The Hindu