In news- Turkey has exit from Istanbul Convention on Violence Against Women.
About the convention-
- The Council of Europe established the Istanbul Convention.
- It is a human rights treaty that aims to prevent and prosecute all forms of violence against women, promote gender equality and ensure protection and rehabilitation of women who are victims of violence.
- It is the first legally-binding instrument which “creates a comprehensive legal framework and approach to combat violence against women”.
- It was opened for ratification in May 2011 and became effective from 1 August 2014.
- On November 24, 2011, Turkey became the first country to ratify the Istanbul convention and, on March 8, 2012, it incorporated the Istanbul Convention into domestic law.
- As of March 2019, it has been signed by 45 countries and the European Union and ratified by 34 counties.
- In July 2021, Turkey became the first and only country to withdraw from the convention, after denouncing it on 20 March 2021.
- The convention contains 81 articles separated into 12 chapters.
- States which ratify the Convention must criminalize several offences, including psychological violence, stalking, physical violence, sexual violence, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, forced abortion and forced sterilisation.
- The convention also includes an article targeting crimes committed in the name of “honour”.
- India is not a signatory to the convention.