In news : Ministry of Railways rolls out a new iron ore policy governing allocation of rakes and transportation of iron ore
About the new iron policy
Production of steel is critically dependent on transportation of iron and other raw materials.
The policy sets down clear guidelines on how to fully meet the requirement of customers by leveraging infrastructure facilities available at loading and unloading ends to the fullest. The new policy has been named as ‘Iron-ore Policy 2021’ and shall come into effect from 10th February 2021.
Aim of the policy
The aim of policy is to attune it to the present day needs of customers and assure them that Indian Railways is fully committed to meet the complete requirement of transportation of iron ore customers and provide total logistics support to the steel industry to meet the competitive challenges domestically and globally.
Key highlights of the policy
- Removes existing categorization: Existing categorisation based on customer’s profile into CBT/Non CBT customers henceforth is being done away with. Old and new plants will be treated similarly as far as allotment/loading of rakes is concerned.
- Priority movement of Iron ore: Categorization of Priority of movement of Iron Ore has now been based on the availability of Railway infrastructure developed by the customer for loading/unloading and the nature of movement between various types of sidings with a view to maximize iron-ore movement by rail.
- System generated priority to customers: The priority preferences for the customers will be self-generated by the system (Rake allotment scheme) based on customer profile (name of manufacture, consignor name, consignee name, siding/PFT name and code) fed in the system by the concerning zone.
- Priority to domestic manufacturing: Higher priority given to movement of iron-ore traffic for domestic manufacturing activity.
- Priority for domestic movement of iron-ore: Within domestic movement of iron-ore traffic, priority preference given to Steel /Pig Iron/Sponge Iron/pellet/sinter plant owning customers having their own private sidings at both loading as well as unloading ends (C+), customers with private siding at either loading or unloading end (C), customers without any private siding of their own relying totally on public goodsheds/sidings (C-) in that order.
- No permission is required to be obtained for choosing priorities: Customers are free to choose the priorities or combination of priorities for moving their traffic as per eligibility and necessity. No permission is required to be obtained for choosing priorities or combination of priorities.
- Export traffic shall be given priority ‘D’. To differentiate rail-cum-sea traffic from export traffic, the former should be accompanied by a self-declaration that such traffic is meant for domestic consumption and railway will not be held responsible for any wrong declaration submitted by the manufacturer.
- Pellet and sinter traffic will also move under priority D.
- Any type of customer can move traffic under priority D as per his requirement.
- Dispatch of ‘low grade fines or iron ore rejects’ generated during the process of manufacturing has been freely allowed under priority D to any location.
- Under contractual traffic (GPWIS), customer is free to place indents as per their requirement.
- Removal of scrutiny of documentation: With the aim to facilitate ‘Ease of doing business’ scrutiny of documentation by Railways has been removed.
- EDRM office, Kolkata which has been sanctioning programme for movement of iron-ore traffic will have no regulatory role in the new policy.
- The office will be undertaking analysis of various iron-ore traffic for further improvement of Railway freight loading.
- Customers to give undertaking: Customers now desirous of moving their traffic under any priority will have to give undertaking that they have procured, transported and utilized materials as per rules and regulations of Central and State Governments.
- For lapses, customers will be liable to be taken up as per the law of land and railway will stand indemnified for any such lapses committed by customers.
Significance of the policy
Iron-ore is the second most important stream of traffic of Railways and along with steel accounts for nearly 17% (53.81 Million Tonne of Steel & 153.35 Million Tonne of Iron ore) of total 1210 Million Tonne freight loading of IR in 2019-20. The new Iron-ore Policy, 2021 issued by the Ministry of Railways is expected to have a positive impact on the steel industry, provide powerful impetus to the core sector of the economy and boost the country’s economic growth.
Do you know?
- Iron is one of the three naturally magnetic elements; the others are cobalt and nickel. Iron is the most magnetic of the tree.
- The mineral magnetite (Fe3O4) is a naturally occurring metallic mineral that is occasionally found in sufficient quantities to be an ore of iron.
- The principle ores of iron are Henatite, (70% Iron) and Mgnetite, (72 % Iron). Taconite is a low-grade iron ore, containing up to 30% Magnetite and Hematite