In news- India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC) will begin its sea trials in July.
- It is set to be commissioned into the Eastern Naval Command as INS Vikrant by mid-2022.
- It is also known as the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1 or IAC-1.
- The ship had successfully completed the ‘basin trial’ in November 2020 during which the propulsion and power generation systems of the ship in harbour were tested.
- Though the original plans for the ship were floated in 1989, the design work began fresh in 1999 after then Defence Minister George Fernandes green-lighted the project.
- The keel was laid in February 2009 and was launched on 12 August 2013.
- It has been designed by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design (DND) and is being built at Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL).
- The IAC is the most complex warship building project to have been indigenously designed and built.
- The IAC is 262 metres long and 62 metres wide and has a STOBAR (short takeoff but arrested recovery) configuration with a ski jump capability.
- The carrier would have on board about 35-40 aircraft — a mix of naval fighters, anti-submarine helicopters, and naval UAVs.
- It is equipped with the Israeli Barak 1 surface to air missile for short range and the Barak 8 for long range defence against aerial targets.