In news–The Union government has taken steps to provide indigenous social media platforms.
Some of the indigenous platforms-
Following are indigenous platforms launched in India-
- Sandes is an Indian state-owned freeware instant messaging platform developed by the Government of India.
- It is an indigenous solution for instant messaging for use by government and its stake holders.
- It is hosted at government infrastructure and is made available at leading appstores.
- It has been developed to provide indigenous public micro blogging platform.
- It has been established as Government of India’s Citizen Engagement Platform which collaborates with multiple Government bodies/ Ministries to engage with citizens for policy formulation and seeks the opinion of people on issues/ topics of public interest and welfare.
- MyGov has adopted multiple engagement methodologies like discussions, tasks, polls, surveys, blogs, talks, pledges, quizzes, and on-ground activities by innovatively using internet, mobile apps, IVRS, SMS and outbound dialling (OBD) technologies.
Regulation of Social media platforms in India-
- As per the Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000, social media platforms are generally considered as intermediaries.
- Any intermediaries, irrespective of their country of origin, rendering their online services in India need to follow the IT Act, 2000 and other applicable laws.
- Government has notified the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Codes) Rules, 2021 (“IT Rules, 2021”) on 25th February, 2021 to make intermediaries including social media platforms accountable to their users and enhance user safety online.
The 5 most popular social media platforms (including messaging apps) in India are WhatsApp (534.30 million active users), followed by Instagram, Facebook, Telegram, Facebook Messenger.