Grene Robotics, a Hyderabad-based technology R&D firm has designed and developed India’s first indigenous drone defence dome called “Indrajaal” recently.
- This drone defence dome has the capability to autonomously protect an area of 1000-2000 sq km against the aerial threats
- It can assess and act on aerial threats such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), loitering munitions, and Low- Radar Cross Section (RCS) targets.
- It has gained significance as Jammu Air Base on June 27th was attacked by UAVs to drop explosives next to the Mi-17 hangar.
- The ANTI-UAV systems will not only provide protection to defence bases but it will be beneficial for linear infrastructures like international borders against advanced weaponry.
Key features of Indrajaal
- Real-time situational awareness.
- Integrated and Intelligent meshed network.
- Integrated all current weapons suite and infrastructure.
- Honeycombed cell structure is seamlessly built.
- Synergic combination of 9-10 technologies.
- 24×7 persistent and autonomous monitoring, action and tracking.
Need for such technology
- The path-breaking development is imperative because manual weapons and point-based defence systems can’t defend modern warfares, which are operated by Artificial Intelligence (AI) and robotics.
- Conventional defences will be overwhelmed in a swarm attack scenario and an AI-Enabled Autonomous Dome with its own ecosystem of sensors and processing is the way forward.
- Considered as the 3rd revolution of warfare, the design principles of Indrajaal are based on delivering autonomy to the armed forces.
- The synergic combination of 9-10 modern technologies helmed by Artificial Intelligence (AI), cybersecurity and robotics.
What are UAVs/Drones?
- The term “drone” usually refers to any unpiloted aircraft.
- Drones are more formally known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or unmanned aircraft systems (UASes).
- These robotic UAVs operate without a pilot on board and with different levels of autonomy.
- A drone’s autonomy level can range from remotely piloted (a human controls its movements) to advanced autonomy, which means that it relies on a system of sensors and LIDAR detectors to calculate its movement.
Note: The DRDO also developed a similar system that can detect and jam micro drones up to 3 kilometres and use lasers to bring down a target up to 1-2.5 kilometres depending on the wattage of the laser weapon.