In news- Recently, India got re-elected to the UN Human Rights Council for the 2022-24 term (6th term) with 184 votes in 193 member assembly.
- The 76th UN General Assembly recently held elections for 18 new members of the U.N. Human Rights Council who will serve for a period of three years, starting in January 2022.
- India’s current term was set to end on December 31, 2021.
- For election for the term 2022-2024, there were five vacant seats in the Asia-Pacific States category – India, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.
- UNHRC is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system.
- It was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251.
- Its first session took place from 19 to 30 June 2006.
- It replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
- It holds no fewer than three regular sessions a year, for a total of at least 10 weeks.
- Its mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world.
- It is Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Human Rights Council, which consists of 47 Member States elected directly and individually by secret ballot by the majority of the members of the General Assembly.
- The members of the Council serve for a period of three years and shall not be eligible for immediate re-election after two consecutive terms.
- The membership is based on equitable geographical distribution.
- The seats are distributed along the following lines:
- 13 for the African Group.
- 13 for the Asia-Pacific Group.
- 6 for the Eastern European Group.
- 8 for the Latin American and Caribbean Group.
- 7 for the Western European and Others Group.
The Council also established subsidiary expert mechanisms to provide the Council with thematic expertise and forums providing a platform for dialogue and cooperation. They meet and report annually to the Council:
- Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous People.
- Expert Mechanism on the Right to Development.
- Forum on Minority Issues.
- Social Forum.
- Forum on Business and Human Rights.
- Forum on Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law.