HysIS, the country’s first hyperspectral imaging satellite for advanced Earth observation. It is launched with about 30 small satellites of foreign customers on the PSLV launcher, numbered C-43.
About HysIS and its significance:
- The primary goal of HysIS is to study the Earth’s surface in visible, near-infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
- HysIS will be ISRO’s first full-scale working satellite with this capability. While the technology has been around, not many space agencies have working satellites with hyperspectral imaging cameras as yet.
- A hyperspectral imaging camera in space can provide well-defined images that can help to identify objects on Earth far more clearly than regular optical or remote sensing cameras.
- The technology will be an added advantage of watching over India from space for a variety of purposes such as defence, agriculture, land use, minerals and so on.
- HySIS carries two payloads, the first in the Visible Near Infrared (VNIR) spectral and the second in the Shortwave Infrared Range (SWIR) spectral range .