In news– International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International-IDEA) has released the Global State of Democracy Report, 2021 recently.
About Global State of Democracy Report-
- The report reviews the state of democracy around the world over the course of 2020 and 2021, with democratic trends since 2015 used as contextual reference.
- It is based on analysis of events that have impacted democratic governance globally since the start of the pandemic, based on various data sources.
- The reports refer to three main regime types: democracies, hybrid and authoritarian regimes (Hybrid and authoritarian regimes are both classified as non-democratic).
- Democracies, at a minimum, hold competitive elections in which the opposition stands a realistic chance of accessing power.
- Hybrid regimes tend to have a somewhat more open—but still insufficient—space for civil society and the media than authoritarian regimes.
- It has said that 20 countries moved in the direction of authoritarianism, seven countries moved towards democracy.
- The report highlighted the case of Brazil and India as some of the most worrying examples of backsliding.
- However, India remained in the category of a mid-level performing democracy as it has since 2000.
- The United States and three members of the European Union (EU) [Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, which holds the chair of the EU in 2021] have also seen concerning democratic declines.
- The pandemic had a particularly damaging effect on non-democratic countries, further closing their already reduced civic space.
- The uneven global distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, as well as anti-vaccine views, undermine the uptake of vaccination programmes and risk prolonging the health crisis and normalising restrictions on basic freedoms.
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance-
- It is an inter-governmental organisation supporting democracy.
- It has regional offices in Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific and Africa and West Asia.
- The organization is headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden.
- It is an official United Nations Observer.
- The Founding Conference of International IDEA took place on 27–28 February 1995 and involved 14 founding states: Australia, Barbados, Belgium, Chile, Costa Rica, Denmark, Finland, India, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain and Sweden.
- The institute’s four initial fields of activity were defined as: The creation of a data bank and provision of information services; research; establishing and promotion of guidelines and offering advisory and capacity-building services.