Why is it in the news?
India joined the international and multi-stakeholder initiative ‘Global Partnership for Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) on artificial intelligence’ as its founder member.
- This is a first initiative of its type for evolving better understanding of the challenges and opportunities around AI, using the experience and diversity of participating countries.
- In order to achieve this goal, the initiative will look to bridge the gap between theory and practice on AI by supporting cutting-edge research and applied activities on AI-related priorities.
- India has now entered the group of leading world economies, including USA, UK, EU, Germany, Italy, Japan, Australia, Canada, France, Mexico, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Singapore to launch GPAI.
- GPAI was first officially proposed by France and Canada at the Biarritz G7 Summit in August of 2019.
- It will bring together experts from the industry, civil society, governments, and academia to collaborate to promote responsible evolution of AI.
- It will evolve methodologies to show how AI can be leveraged to better respond to the present global crisis around Covid-19.
- The body is supported by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris. It will host Secretariat of GPAI in Paris, along with two Centers of Expertise, one each in Montreal and Paris. (The OECD principles on AI was the basis of the G20 Principles on AI promoted at the Osaka Summit in 2019).
- GPAI will comprise four working groups each centred on responsible AI, the future of work, data governance, and commercialisation and innovation. The first meeting of the group is estimated to take place by the end of 2020.
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Source: PIB, Livemint