In news– Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) has suspended India’s top administrative organisation, the All India Football Federation, for “undue influence from third parties”.
About the suspension-
- The AIFF has been suspended by FIFA due to “third-party interference”.
- Third-party interference refers to a situation in which a member association of FIFA fails to remain independent, is co-opted, and no longer has control over its organisation.
- In this case, the SC’s diktat to the Committee of Administrators (COA) to run the AIFF was a textbook case of third-party interference.
- The suspension means, firstly, no international football — and this applies to all national teams, across all age groups.
- It also applies to both men’s and women’s football, and to all club teams in India.
- The suspension also impacts international transfers, as well as any courses or developmental programs that AIFF officials could, or were taking part in.
- This in effect means a total ban on all football-related activities outside India. However, the league in the country, as well as domestic transfers, can continue.
Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)-
- FIFA, Fédération Internationale de Football Association in French, is the highest global governing body of football (also known as soccer to distinguish it from American football), the world’s most popular game.
- It is also the international governing body for futsal (a kind of mini football played indoors on a hard court between two teams of five players each) and beach soccer (five-a-side, played on a beach).
- Founded in 1904 in Paris, France to oversee international competitions among the national football associations of a handful of West European countries, the membership of FIFA now comprises 211 national football associations around the world.
- Each of these national associations are members of one of the six confederations into which the footballing world is divided: Africa, Asia, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean, Oceania, and South America.
- The founding president of FIFA was the Frenchman Robert Guerin, who served from 1904-06.
- The longest serving president of FIFA was Jules Rimet (1921-54), after whom the FIFA World Cup was originally named.
- FIFA, which is headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, supports these national associations financially and logistically through various programmes.