Economy- issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development
About Economic Census
- Economic Census is the complete count of all establishment located within the geographical boundary of India.
- It provides disaggregated information on various operational and structural variables of all establishments of the country.
- It also provides valuable insight into geographical spread/clusters of economic activities, ownership pattern, persons engaged, etc. of all economic establishments in the country. The information collected during the Economic Census are useful for socio-economic developmental planning at state and district levels.
- Economic Census provides an updated sampling frame for follow- up enterprise surveys undertaken for detailed and comprehensive analysis of all establishments in the country.
- It will cover all establishments including household enterprises, engaged in production or distribution of goods/services (other than for the sole purpose of own consumption) in the non-farm agricultural and non-agricultural sector will be counted.
- The Seventh Economic Census (7th EC) is being conducted by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) in 2019.
- In the current Economic Census, MoSPI has partnered with CSC e-Governance Services India Limited, a Special Purpose Vehicle under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology as the implementing agency for 7th EC.
- In the 7th EC, an IT-based digital platform for data capture, validation, report generation and dissemination will be used.
- In this census, the ministry also introducing geo-tagging which will help to find out the distribution of economic activity in a certain place
Definitions of Rural area and Urban area under the Economic census
Urban Area: An Urban area is classified based on the following criteria: All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee, etc.,
Or All other place satisfying the following three criteria simultaneously:
- A minimum population of 5,000
- At least 75% of the male working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits
- A population density of at least 400 per sq. km.
The first category of urban units is known as Statutory Towns while the second category of towns is known as Census Towns, identified based on last population Census.
Rural Area: All areas, which are not identified as urban. The basic unit for rural areas is the revenue village.
Previous Economic Censuses
- Six Economic Censuses, (EC) have been conducted by the Union Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation. till date. The Sixth edition of Economic Census was conducted in 2013.
- The first Economic Census was undertaken in 1977.