In news-Mysore King Tipu Sultan is at the centre of a controversy in Mumbai as Minister is planning to name a playground in the Muslim dominated Malwani locality after the 17th century ruler.
A brief history of Tipu Sultan-
- He was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India.
- He was born in 1750, Devanahalli, Karnataka.
- He had inherited the throne from his father Haidar Ali, who had driven out the previous Hindu dynasty.
- In 1767 Tippu commanded a corps of cavalry against the Marathas in the Carnatic (Karnataka) region of western India, and he fought against the Marathas on several occasions between 1775 and 1779.
- War between Mysore and Maratha ended with the Treaty of Gajendragad.
- He was the pioneer of rocket artillery.
- He introduced sericulture in Mysore on a large scale and maintained records about the cultivation of sericulture.
- Tipu established banking networks and cooperatives, where capital was raised from the public (similar to banks inviting deposits), the principal held on an annual basis and returned with interest (or `nafa’).
- He established trading houses for Mysore products worldwide, including places like Puducherry , Kutch, Karachi, Oman, Baghdad and Constantinople.
- Both Tipu Sultan and his father used their French-trained army in alliance with the French in their struggle with the British and fought 4 Anglo-Mysore wars.
- At the age of 15, Tipu Sultan supported his father in the first Anglo-Mysore War against the British in 1766.
- During the second Anglo-Mysore War he defeated Col. John Brathwaite.
- He succeeded his father in December 1782 and in 1784 concluded peace with the British and assumed the title of Sultan of Mysore.
- In 1789, however, he provoked British invasion by attacking their ally, the Raja of Travancore led to the third Anglo- Mysore war.
- The war ended by the signing of Treaty of Srirangapatna, between Tipu Sultan and Lord Cornwallis.
- In this treaty, Tipu ceded half of his territories and two of his son’s as a hostage of war.
- The Governor-general, Lord Mornington (later the Marquess of Wellesley), launched the fourth Anglo-Mysore War and on May 4, 1799, Tippu died in Srirangapatna, leading his troops in the breach.