Why in news?
NITI Aayog recently released its report on Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) 2.0.
- NITI Aayog first launched and conceptualized the CWMI in 2018 as a tool to instil the sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states. It was a first ever attempt at creating a pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water.
- CWMI 2.0:
- NITI Aayog has ranked all states in the index on the composite water management, comprising 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators.
- Various states are ranked for the reference year 2017-18.
- Gujarat has retained rank one in the followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
- In North Eastern and the Himalayan States, Himachal Pradesh has been adjudged number one followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam.
- The Union Territories have first time submitted their data and Puducherry has been declared as the top ranker.
- In terms of incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level), Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.
- On an average, 80% of the states assessed on the Index over the last three years have improved their water management scores.