Why in news?
- The Odisha Wetland Authority has approved implementation of an integrated management plan for Chilika, India’s largest brackish water lagoon, and Ansupa lake. The five-year management of lakes is intended at strengthening livelihood of thousands of fishermen relying on the two water-bodies.
About the lake
- Chilika is Asia’s largest and world’s second largest lagoon.
- It spreads over Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River.
- It is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a small strip of sand.
- It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian subcontinent.
- In 1981, it was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
- Satapada, a Sea Mouth Island where Chilika Lake meets the Bay of Bengal, is home to the Irrawaddy dolphins.
- Nalbana Bird Sanctuary or Nalbana Island is the core area of the Chilika Lake.
- It is Odisha’s largest freshwater lake.
- It is a horseshoe shaped lake on the left bank of the Mahanadi river, in Cuttack district.
- It acts as a shelter for the migratory birds in the winter season.
- It is situated amidst the Saranda Hills.