In news- The sole female wild buffalo in a conservation centre at Chhattisgarh’s Sitanadi-Udanti tiger reserve died recently.
- Chhattisgarh’s state animal is on the verge of extinction with less than 20 individuals of the species left in the state.
- The conservation centre had only one female and three males and now no more female wild buffalos are left in the reserve.
- The reserve is also contiguous to Khariar Forest Division of Odisha State and acts as Buffer for Sunabeda Wildlife sanctuary.
About Wild water Buffalo-
- The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee), also called Asian buffalo, is a large bovine native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
- It has an ash-gray to black skin.
- They are both diurnal and nocturnal.
- Both sexes carry horns.
- It is among the heaviest living wild bovid species, and is slightly smaller than gaur.
- It is associated with wet grasslands, swamps, flood plains and densely vegetated river valleys.
- It is included in CITES Appendix III, and is legally protected in Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Thailand.
- It has been listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List since 1986, as the remaining population totals less than 4,000 out of which around 91% live in India, mostly in Assam.
It is largely restricted to in and around Kaziranga, Manas and Dibru-Saikhowa National Parks, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary and Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam, in and around D’Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh, in Balphakram National Park in Meghalaya, and in Chhattisgarh in Indravati National Park and Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary.