In news- 100th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister, P.V. Narasimha Rao was observed on 28th June 2021.
About P.V. Narasimha Rao (1921-2004)-
- Narasimha Rao was born on June 28, 1921 in the village of Laknepally village of Narsampet mandal, in Warangal Rural district, now in Telangana.
- Rao was an active freedom fighter during the Indian Independence movement and joined full-time politics after independence as a member of the Indian National Congress.
- He served as an elected representative for Andhra Pradesh state assembly from 1957 to 1977.
- He became the Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1971 and implemented land reforms and land ceiling acts strictly
- He served as Foreign minister from 1980 to 1984 and then from 1988 to 1989.
- He served as the 9th Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996.
- Rao was the first leader outside the Nehru-Gandhi family to last a full-term as Prime Minister after being elected in 1991.
- He was the second holder of this office from a non-Hindi-speaking region and the first from South India.
- Rao’s term also saw the destruction of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh when BJP’s Kalyan Singh was Chief Minister.
- He died on December 23, 2004.
- He was personally responsible for the dismantling of the Licence Raj, when he headed the Ministry of Industries.
- He is often referred to as the “Father of Indian Economic Reforms”.
- With Rao’s mandate, Dr. Manmohan Singh launched India’s globalisation angle of the reforms that implemented the International Monetary Fund (IMF) policies to rescue the almost bankrupt nation from economic collapse.
- His reign brought a paradigm shift from the industrialising, mixed economic model of Jawaharlal Nehru to a market driven one.
- Rao had launched what has come to be known as the country’s Look East policy linking India to many East and Southeast Asian countries.
- He also established diplomatic relations with Israel.
- He played a major role in defeating the 1994 United Nations resolution against India.
- Under his leadership, the ballistic missile technology programme was launched, besides successfully testing the augmented satellite launch vehicle.
Extra reading: https://journalsofindia.com/lpg-reforms-in-india/