In news : According to a report by SIPRI, India’s arms imports came down by a third between 2011-2015 and 2016-2020.
About the report
Report released by: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), an international organisation that tracks arms trade
Key findings of the report
- As per SIPRI’s report, India remains the second highest importer, only behind Saudi Arabia.
- Top five exporters: The top five global arms exporters were the US, Russia, France, Germany and China in 2016-2020.
- The report also stated that arms imports by India decreased by 33 per cent between 2011–15 and 2016–20. Russia was the most affected supplier, although India’s imports of US arms also fell, by 46 per cent
- Reasons for decline India’s arms imports: SIPRI’s report attributed the fall not to the government’s push to make India self-reliant in defence manufacturing, but to factors including reducing the dependence on Russian arms, and the complex procurement procedure.
- It also highlights that Indian government, last year had announced a negative imports list of 101 defence equipment and platforms and this year it promoted the domestically produced weapons and platforms with over 60 per cent of the capital expenditure, Rs 70,221
- It further highlighted that international transfers of major arms stayed at the same level between 2011–15 and 2016–20” as the “substantial increases in transfers by three of the top five arms exporters the USA, France and Germany were largely offset by declining Russian and Chinese arms exports
- Substantial increases in transfers by three of the top five arms exporters the USA, France and Germany were largely offset by declining Russian and Chinese arms exports.
- Increase in import by middle east: As per SIPRI’s report, middle eastern arms imports grew by 25 per cent during this period, and was driven by Saudi Arabia, with a 61 percent increase, and Egypt and Qatar, which saw a jump of 136 per cent and 361 per cent, respectively.
- Fall in exports: Exports of Russia and China fell in the international arms transfers. It says that Arms exports by Russia, which accounted for 20 per cent of all exports of major arms in 2016–20, dropped by 22 per cent
- However, Russia substantially increased its arms transfers to China, Algeria and Egypt between 2011–15 and 2016–20, but this did not offset the large drop in its arms exports to India.
About the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
- SIPRI is is an international institute based in Stockholm
- It was founded in 1966 and provides data, analysis and recommendations for armed conflict, military expenditure and arms trade as well as disarmament and arms control.
- SIPRI’s organizational purpose is to conduct scientific research in issues on conflict and cooperation of importance for international peace and security, with the goal of contributing to an understanding for the conditions for a peaceful solution of international conflicts and sustainable peace.
- The SIPRI Arms Transfers Database contains information on all transfers of major conventional weapons from 1950 to the most recent full calendar year.
- The current version was published on 15 March 2021.