Union Education Minister announced release of Report of AISHE 2019-20
About AISHE report
- This Report provides key performance indicators on the current status of Higher education in the country.
- AISHE has been conducted since 2010-11.
- This report is the 10th in the series of AISHE annually released by D/o Higher Education
- Indicators of educational development such as Institution Density, Gross Enrolment Ratio, Pupil-teacher ratio, Gender Parity Index, Per Student Expenditure are calculated from the data collected through AISHE.
Classification of institutions
The Institutions have been classified in following 3 broad categories:
- University and University Level Institutions i.e.the Institutions which are empowered to award degree under some Act of Parliament or State Legislature.
- Colleges/Institutions which are not empowered to provide degree in its own name and therefore are affiliated/recognised with Universities.
- Stand-alone Institutions (not affiliated with Universities) which are not empowered to provide degree and therefore run Diploma Level Programmes. During the survey, the following 7 types of such Institutions have been covered.
Key highlights of the report
- Total enrolment: In Higher Education it stands at 3.85 crore in 2019-20 as compared to 3.74 crore in 2018-19, registering a growth of 11.36 lakh (3.04 %). Total enrolment was 3.42 crore in 2014-15.
- As per the AISHE report 2018-19, BTech and MTech programmes had seen a dramatic fall. However, some professional programmes such as MBA, MBBS, BEd and LLB continued to attract more students.
- Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), the percentage of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in Higher Education, in 2019-20 is 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.
- Gender Parity Index (GPI) in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age group compared to males
- Pupil Teacher Ratio in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 26.
- 3.38 crore Students enrolled in programmes at under-graduate and post-graduate level. Out of these, nearly 85% of the students (2.85 crore) were enrolled in the six major disciplines such as
- Humanities, Science, Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Science and IT & Computer.
- The number of students pursuing PhD in 2019-20 is 2.03 lakh against 1.17 lakh in 2014-15.
- The Total Number of Teachers stands at 15,03,156 comprising of 57.5% male and 42.5% female.
- The top 8 States in terms of highest number of colleges in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat
- Share of female students is lowest in Institutions of National Importance followed by Deemed University-Government, State Private University.
- The report also revealed that the number of Institutes of National Importance (INIs) have increased from 75 in 2015 to 135 in 2020. The number of PhDs has also increased by 60 per cent in the last five years